Lecture: Valences and Demon Circuits
Author: Hubbard, L. R.
Document date: 1950, 28 November
Document title: Valences and Demon Circuits Part I
Document type: lecture transcript
Event: Professional Course
Location: Los Angeles, California
Document ID: 5011C28
Description: Hubbard discusses a few types of psychiatric cases in the context of Dianetics theory and engramic content responsible for: catatonic schizophrenics, manic-depressives, schizophrenics and paranoiacs. First he explains units of "reactive charge."
Where does the charge1 come from? The charge does not come from the exterior world. The charge is not a transplanted emotion from somebody else. It is not transplanted from Mama via the umbilical cord. The charge is a very simple thing to locate. This analogy is not necessarily true, but consider that “I” plus reactive charge equals a constant. In other words, let’s say that this “I” is 1,000, and that there are 200 units of reactive charge on this case, so that “I” (the individual himself, the awareness-of-awareness unit monitor) and the reactive charge on the case total 1,200; the constant for this case would be 1,200 units. For another case we could say that “I” was 2,000 and the reactive charge during the case’s life was 500, so 2,500 would be the constant for that case. In this way, every case could be considered to have a constant. One individual has a constant of 1,200. Another individual has a constant of 2,500 and somebody else has a constant of 300. That is the life units of the individual summed up.
So you could get a case, finally, where “I” had been brought way down and then received another jolt in life which sent “I” down to 0 units and the reactive charge up to 1,200 units.
Now that person would really be insane. He would never be in contact with any kind of reality; he would have no reality, no communication and no affinity. This person would be in a bad state— probably a catatonic schizophrenic in the last stages. According to old standards, the person might be said to be hopelessly insane at this point.
Your job is to get some of these units back up to “I,” and you do that by knocking out the first few units of charge that you can, getting one or two units at a time. You finally run some kind of a secondary engram, a grief discharge or something. You get this off the case, because you can see, obviously, that there is something there. The charge is so great on the reactive bank that the case bleeds quickly. You can hardly even start to put this person on the track before the charge explodes.
This is the screamer. A screamer is not necessarily getting rid of charge, however; he might be merely dramatizing.
Actually, the cases you work are unlikely to be in that bad a state. This is the extreme. But here we have measured this in terms of maximum charge and minimum charge.
However, the difficulty of the case does not depend upon maximum and minimum charge. The difficulty of the case depends upon control circuitry and other types of circuitry—which are also control—but, pointedly, the main offender is the type that says “You’ve got to control yourself,” “You’ve got to keep yourself down,” “You’ve got to keep yourself in hand,” “You’ve got to get a grip on yourself.” The other types of circuitry just stretch out from there.
This does not change the maximum-minimum-charge picture but it certainly does make it difficult to release that charge, because these circuits absorb a lot of the 1,200 units; there are other individuals and all sorts of things in there. If “I” goes down to 0, you definitely have an insane person. The method of proceeding on such a case is to try to pick up some of that circuitry.
A circuit could be considered as a structure with only one vulnerable point, being almost impregnable on all other points. The Achilles’ heel of every circuit is the phrase which created it. Any attack on this circuit that does not include the phrase which created it has a tendency to charge it up.
In fact, you will find cases which are wide open with actual perceptics, real pianola cases, in an institution. They are not rare either—perhaps twenty or twenty-five percent. So the maximum-minimum-charge picture is what you are looking at in these people.
The maximum charge case is not hard to crack unless there are circuits on it. This presents a strange picture. If you were to go into an institution and work people there, you would be completely fascinated to find that you would get a remission in every few persons as you sent them back down the track, blew grief charges, gave them a little dressing-up and then brought them up to present time. All you would have to do is say, “Well, let’s go back to the engram necessary to resolve your case.” The person may be gibbeting to a point where he doesn’t know where the engram is, so you say, “Well, let’s go to the incident, the moment of pain in your life, necessary to resolve your case.” He won’t be able to stay out of it and he will explode into tears and sorrow and all the rest of it. You can then run a few more incidents off he case, get some line charge off the track and bring the person up to present time.
The difficulty of working the case is brought about by circuits. You won’t find any schizophrenics who don’t have circuits. They are loaded with circuits. Neither will you find a paranoiac who doesn’t have circuits.
The manic-depressive is a very rough case. I have had to redefine the term manic-depressive so it would make a little more sense. A manic-depressive is somebody who is caught on the track in a manic engram which has a depressive aspect. For instance, a person is caught and fixed solidly somewhere on the track in an engram that says “I’m strong, I am wonderful, I am so happy, I am so cheerful, but sometimes I get so depressed.” That would be a ridiculous simplification of it but it is that kind of an engram. It has a manic in it. It punches up his analyzer to the limit to do exactly what the engram says the analyzer is to do. It is a directed, concentrated, fixed state.
Manic-depressives sometimes make good salesmen, but they make much better salesmen after you get rid of the engram. I almost broke a salesman’s heart once. He found out that all this beautiful sales talk that he had been giving to people all his life was Papa trying to sell Mama on the idea of getting rid of him! The person was very convinced he was a great salesman. I was interested enough in this case to call up his boss, and I found out that the person’s sales record was so poor that he was on the verge of getting fired. Yet he was certain that he was a great salesman—it said so right in the engram. We got rid of the engram when he wasn’t so convinced, and he went back and for a short time he had his old job, and then he went on to something else because this was not his purpose. He had been fixed in an engram which didn’t particularly agree with his basic purpose. So that is a manic-depressive.
A manic-depressive caught on the track can get supercharged if the engram in which he is caught gets charged up. And if there are some circuits on this engram in which he is held and they are charged up very high? that makes it very tough. Trying to get a manic-depressive moving on the track and out of it theoretically should be very easy, but as far as I have been able to learn in Dianetics so far, the manic-depressive forms our roughest case.
We know what the circuits and central computation are on the paranoiac, so he is an easy case. But that is only because we know the combination which opens the door; it is an “against me” engram which is laid in very heavily. Lots of people have “against me” engrams who are not paranoiacs, but when the “against me” engram is there and when it gets charged up, and when it is laid in very heavily, that person becomes a paranoiac.
So there are two things at work here. Engrams contain a lot of circuits potentially, but the circuits are not set up. When this case is given a lot of charge the circuits repress the charge so we can’t get it back.
Hubbard, L. R. (1950, 28 November). Valences and Demon Circuits Part I. Professional Course, (5011C28). Lecture conducted from Los Angeles, California.